msub  [-a datetime][-A account][-c interval][-C directive_prefix][-d path]
      [-e path][-E][-F][-h][-I][-j join][-k keep][-K][-l resourcelist][-m mailoptions]
      [-M user_list][-N name][-o path][-p priority][-q destination][-r]
      [-S pathlist][-t jobarrays][-u userlist][-v variablelist][-V]
      [-W additionalattributes][-x][-z][script]


msub allows users to submit jobs directly to Moab. When a job is submitted directly to a resource manager (such as TORQUE), it is constrained to run on only those nodes that the resource manager is directly monitoring. In many instances, a site may be controlling multiple resource managers. When a job is submitted to Moab rather than to a specific resource manager, it is not constrained as to what nodes it is executed on. msub can accept command line arguments (with the same syntax as qsub), job scripts (in either PBS or LoadLeveler syntax), or the SSS Job XML specification.

Submitted jobs can then be viewed and controlled via the mjobctl command.

Note Flags specified in the following table are not necessarily supported by all resource managers.


When Moab is configured to run as root, any user may submit jobs via msub.


Eligible Date
Declares the time after which the job is eligible for execution.
> msub -a 12041300 cmd.pbs
Moab will not schedule the job until 1:00 pm on December 4, of the current year.
Defines the account associated with the job.
> msub -A research cmd.pbs
Moab will associate this job with account research.
Checkpoint Interval
Checkpoint of the will occur at the specified interval.

n - No Checkpoint is to be performed.
s - Checkpointing is to be performed only when the server executing the job is shut down.
c - Checkpoint is to be performed at the default minimum time for the server executing the job.
c=<minutes> - Checkpoint is to be performed at an interval of minutes.
> msub -c c=12 cmd.pbs
The job will be checkpointed every 12 minutes.
Directive Prefix
First known prefix (#PBS, #@, #BSUB, #!, #MOAB, #MSUB)
Specifies which directive prefix should be used from a job script.
  • It is best to submit with single quotes. '#PBS'
  • An empty prefix will cause Moab to not search for any prefix. -C ''
  • Command line arguments have precedence over script arguments.
  • Custom prefixes can be used with the -C flag. -C '#MYPREFIX'
  • Custom directive prefixes must use PBS syntax.
  • If the -C flag is not given, Moab will take the first default prefix found. Once a directive is found, others are ignored.
> msub -C '#MYPREFIX' cmd.pbs
#MYPREFIX -l walltime=5:00:00 (in cmd.pbs)
Moab will use the #MYPREFIX directive specified in cmd.pbs, setting the wallclock limit to five hours.
Execution Directory
Depends on the RM being used. If using TORQUE, the default is $HOME. If using SLURM, the default is the submission directory.
Specifies which directory the job should execute in.
> msub -d /home/test/job12 cmd.pbs
The job will begin execution in the /home/test/job12 directory.
Error Path
Defines the path to be used for the standard error stream of the batch job.
> msub -e test12/stderr.txt
The STDERR stream of the job will be placed in the relative (to execution) directory specified.
Environment Variables
Moab adds the following variables, if populated, to the job's environment:
  • MOAB_ACCOUNT: Account name.
  • MOAB_BATCH: Set if a batch job (non-interactive).
  • MOAB_CLASS: Class name.
  • MOAB_DEPEND: Job dependency string.
  • MOAB_GROUP: Group name.
  • MOAB_JOBID: Job ID. If submitted from the grid, grid jobid.
  • MOAB_JOBNAME: Job name.
  • MOAB_MACHINE: Name of the machine (ie. Destination RM) that the job is running on.
  • MOAB_NODECOUNT: Number of nodes allocated to job.
  • MOAB_NODELIST: Comma-separated list of nodes (listed singly with no ppn info).
  • MOAB_PARTITION: Partition name the job is running in. If grid job, cluster scheduler's name.
  • MOAB_PROCCOUNT: Number of processors allocated to job.
  • MOAB_QOS: QOS name.
  • MOAB_TASKMAP: Node list with procs per node listed. <nodename>.<procs>
  • MOAB_USER: User name.

In SLURM environments, not all variables will be populated since the variables are added at submission (such as NODELIST). With TORQUE/PBS, the variables are added just before the job is started.

This feature only works with SLURM and TORQUE/PBS.

> msub -E mySim.cmd
The job mySim will be submitted with extra environment variables.
Script Flags
Specifies the flags TORQUE will pass to the job script at execution time.
NoteThe -F flag is only compatible with TORQUE resource managers.
> msub -F "\"arg1 arg2\"" -1 nodes=1,walltime=60 files/
TORQUE will pass parameters arg1 and arg2 to the script when the job executes.
Specifies that a user hold be applied to the job at submission time.
> msub -h cmd.ll
The job will be submitted with a user hold on it.
Declares the job is to be run interactively.
> msub -I
The job will be submitted in interactive mode.
n (not merged)
Declares if the standard error stream of the job will be merged with the standard output stream of the job. If "oe" is specified, the error and output streams will be merged into the output stream.
> msub -j oe
STDOUT and STDERR will be merged into one file.
n (not retained)
Defines which (if either) of output and error streams will be retained on the execution host (overrides path for stream).
> msub -k oe
STDOUT and STDERR for the job will be retained on the execution host.
Continue Running
Tells the client to continue running until the submitted job is completed. The client will query the status of the job every 5 seconds. The time interval between queries can be specified or disabled via MSUBQUERYINTERVAL.
NoteUse the -K option SPARINGLY (if at all) as it slows down the Moab scheduler with frequent queries. Running ten jobs with the -K option creates an additional fifty queries per minute for the scheduler.
> msub -K
Job 3 completed*
*Only shows up after job completion.
Resource List
Additional options can be referenced on the resource manager extensions page.

Defines the resources that are required by the job and establishes a limit to the amount of resource that can be consumed. Resources native to the resource manager, scheduler resource manager extensions, or job flags may be specified. Note that resource lists are dependent on the resource manager in use.

> msub -l nodes=32:ppn=2,pmem=1800mb,walltime=3600,VAR=testvar:myvalue
> msub -l nodes=32:ppn=2,pmem=1800mb,walltime=3600,VAR=testvar:

The job requires 32 nodes with 2 processors each, 1800 MB per task, a walltime of 3600 seconds, and a variable named testvar with a value of myvalue.


If JOBNODEMATCHPOLICY is not set, Moab does not reserve the requested number of processors on the requested number of nodes. It reserves the total number of requested processors (nodes x ppn) on any number of nodes. Rather than setting nodes=<value>:ppn=<value>, set procs=<value>, replacing <value> with the total number of processors the job requires. Note that JOBNODEMATCHPOLICY is not set by default.

> msub nodes=32:ppn=2 -l adres=!<resvid>

This entry would tell Moab to only consider resources outside of the specified <reservation id>.

Mail Options
<STRING> (either n or one or more of the characters a, b, and e)
Defines the set of conditions (abort,begin,end) when the server will send a mail message about the job to the user.
> msub -m be
Mail notifications will be sent when the job begins and ends.
Mail List
Specifies the list of users to whom mail is sent by the execution server. Overrides the EMAILADDRESS specified on the USERCFG credential.
> msub -M jon@node01,bill@node01,jill@node02
Mail will be sent to the specified users if the job is aborted.
STDIN or name of job script
Specifies the user-specified job name attribute.
> msub -N chemjob3
Job will be associated with the name chemjob3.
Output Path
[<hostname>:]<path> - %J and %I are acceptable variables. %J is the master array name and %I is the array member index in the array.
Defines the path to be used for the standard output stream of the batch job.
> msub -o test12/stdout.txt

The STDOUT stream of the job will be placed in the relative (to execution) directory specified.

> msub -t 1-2 -o /home/jsmith/simulations/%J-%I.out ~/
A job array is submitted and the name of the output files includes the master array index and the array member index.
<INTEGER> (between -1024 and 0)
Defines the priority of the job.
To enable priority range from -1024 to +1023, see ENABLEPOSUSERPRIORITY.
> msub -p 25
The job will have a user priority of 25.
Destination Queue (Class)
Defines the destination of the job.
> msub -q priority
The job will be submitted to the priority queue.
Declares whether the job is rerunable.
> msub -r n
The job cannot be rerun.
Declares the shell that interprets the job script.
> msub -S /bin/bash
The job script will be interpreted by the /bin/bash shell.
Job Arrays
Starts a job array with the jobs in the index list. The limit variable specifies how many jobs may run at a time. For more information, see Submitting Job Arrays.
NoteMoab enforces an internal limit of 100,000 sub-jobs that a single array job submission can specify.
> msub -t myarray.[1-1000]%4
User List
UID of msub command
Defines the user name under which the job is to run on the execution system.
> msub -u bill@node01
On node01 the job will run under Bill's UID, if permitted.
Variable List
Expands the list the environment variables that are exported to the job (taken from the msub command environment).
> msub -v DEBUG
The DEBUG environment variable will be defined for the job.
All Variables
Declares that all environment variables in the msub environment are exported to the batch job
> msub -V
All environment variables will be exported to the job.
Additional Attributes
Allows for specification of additional job attributes (See Resource Manager Extension)
> msub -W x=GRES:matlab:1

The job requires one resource of "matlab".

This flag can be used to set a filter for what namespaces will be passed from a job to a trigger using a comma-delimited list. This limits the trigger's action to objects contained in certain workflows. For more information, see Filtering VC Triggers by Namespace.

> msub -W x="trigns=vc1,vc2"

The job passes namespaces vc1 and vc2 to triggers.

<script> or <command>
When running an interactive job, the -x flag makes it so that the corresponding script won't be parsed for PBS directives, but is instead a command that is launched once the interactive job has started. The job terminates at the completion of this command. This option works only when using TORQUE.
NoteThe -x option for msub differs from qsub in that qsub does not require the script name to come directly after the flag. The msub command requires a script or command immediately after the -x declaration.
> msub -I -x ./

> msub -I -x /tmp/command
Silent Mode
The job's identifier will not be printed to stdout upon submission.
> msub -z
No job identifier will be printout the stdout upon successful submission.

Job Script

The msub command supports job scripts written in any one of the following languages:

Use the INSTANTSTAGE parameter as only a subset of the command file keywords are interpreted by Moab.
enabled in Moab 4.2.4 and higher


Sites that wish to automatically add parameters to every job submission can populate the file '/etc/msubrc' with global parameters that every job submission will inherit.

For example, if a site wished every job to request a particular generic resource they could use the following /etc/msubrc:
-W x=GRES:matlab:2

Usage Notes

msub is designed to be as flexible as possible, allowing users accustomed to PBS, LSF, or LoadLeveler syntax, to continue submitting jobs as they normally would. It is not recommended that different styles be mixed together in the same msub command.

When only one resource manager is configured inside of Moab, all jobs are immediately staged to the only resource manager available. However, when multiple resource managers are configured Moab will determine which resource manager can run the job soonest. Once this has been determined, Moab will stage the job to the resource manager.

It is possible to have Moab take a "best effort" approach at submission time using the forward flag. When this flag is specified, Moab will do a quick check and make an intelligent guess as to which resource manager can run the job soonest and then immediately stage the job.

Moab can be configured to instantly stage a job to the underlying resource manager (like TORQUE/LOADLEVELER) through the parameter INSTANTSTAGE. When set inside moab.cfg, Moab will migrate the job instantly to an appropriate resource manager. Once migrated, Moab will destroy all knowledge of the job and refresh itself based on the information given to it from the underlying resource manager.

In most instances Moab can determine what syntax style the job belongs to (PBS or LoadLeveler); if Moab is unable to make a guess, it will default the style to whatever resource manager was configured at compile time. If LoadLeveler and PBS were both compiled then LoadLeveler takes precedence.

Moab can translate a subset of job attributes from one syntax to another. It is therefore possible to submit a PBS style job to a LoadLeveler resource manager, and vice versa, though not all job attributes will be translated.

Example 1

> msub -l nodes=3:ppn=2,walltime=1:00:00,pmem=100kb script2.pbs.cmd

Example 2

Example 2 is the XML-formatted version of Example 1. See Submitting Jobs via msub in XML for more information.

See Also

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