Appendices > Appendix A: Commands overview > qstat

qstat

Show status of PBS batch jobs.

Synopsis

qstat [-f [-1]][-W site_specific] [job_identifier... | destination...] [time]
qstat [-a|-i|-r|-e] [-n [-1]] [-s] [-G|-M] [-R] [-u user_list]
[job_identifier... | destination...]
qstat -Q [-f [-1]][-W site_specific] [destination...]
qstat -q [-G|-M] [destination...]
qstat -B [-f [-1]][-W site_specific] [server_name...]
qstat -t

Description

The qstat command is used to request the status of jobs, queues, or a batch server. The requested status is written to standard out.

When requesting job status, synopsis format 1 or 2, qstat will output information about each job_identifier or all jobs at each destination. Jobs for which the user does not have status privilege are not displayed.

When requesting queue or server status, synopsis format 3 through 5, qstat will output information about each destination.

You can configure TORQUE with CFLAGS='DTXT' to change the alignment of text in qstat output. This noticeably improves qstat -r output.

Options

Option Description
-f Specifies that a full status display be written to standard out. The [time] value is the amount of walltime, in seconds, remaining for the job. [time] does not account for walltime multipliers.
-a All jobs are displayed in the alternative format (see Standard output). If the operand is a destination id, all jobs at that destination are displayed. If the operand is a job id, information about that job is displayed.
-e If the operand is a job id or not specified, only jobs in executable queues are displayed. Setting the PBS_QSTAT_EXECONLY environment variable will also enable this option.
-i Job status is displayed in the alternative format. For a destination id operand, status for jobs at that destination which are not running are displayed. This includes jobs which are queued, held or waiting. If an operand is a job id, status for that job is displayed regardless of its state.
-r If an operand is a job id, status for that job is displayed. For a destination id operand, status for jobs at that destination which are running are displayed, this includes jobs which are suspended.
-n In addition to the basic information, nodes allocated to a job are listed.
-1 In combination with -n, the -1 option puts all of the nodes on the same line as the job ID. In combination with -f, attributes are not folded to fit in a terminal window. This is intended to ease the parsing of the qstat output.
-s In addition to the basic information, any comment provided by the batch administrator or scheduler is shown.
-G Show size information in giga-bytes.
-M Show size information, disk or memory in mega-words. A word is considered to be 8 bytes.
-R In addition to other information, disk reservation information is shown. Not applicable to all systems.
-t

Normal qstat output displays a summary of the array instead of the entire array, job for job. qstat -t expands the output to display the entire array. Note that arrays are now named with brackets following the array name; for example:

[email protected]:~/dev/torque/array_changes$ echo sleep 20 | qsub -t 0-299 189[].napali

Individual jobs in the array are now also noted using square brackets instead of dashes; for example, here is part of the output of qstat -t for the preceding array:

189[299].napali STDIN[299] dbeer 0 Q batch

-u

Job status is displayed in the alternative format. If an operand is a job id, status for that job is displayed. For a destination id operand, status for jobs at that destination which are owned by the user(s) listed in user_list are displayed. The syntax of the user_list is:

user_name[@host][,user_name[@host],...]

Host names may be wild carded on the left end, e.g. "*.nasa.gov". User_name without a "@host" is equivalent to "user_name@*", that is at any host.

-Q Specifies that the request is for queue status and that the operands are destination identifiers.
-q Specifies that the request is for queue status which should be shown in the alternative format.
-B Specifies that the request is for batch server status and that the operands are the names of servers.

Operands

If neither the -Q nor the -B option is given, the operands on the qstat command must be either job identifiers or destinations identifiers.

If the operand is a job identifier, it must be in the following form:

sequence_number[.server_name][@server]

where sequence_number.server_name is the job identifier assigned at submittal time (see qsub). If the .server_name is omitted, the name of the default server will be used. If @server is supplied, the request will be for the job identifier currently at that Server.

If the operand is a destination identifier, it is one of the following three forms:

If queue is specified, the request is for status of all jobs in that queue at the default server. If the @server form is given, the request is for status of all jobs at that server. If a full destination identifier, [email protected], is given, the request is for status of all jobs in the named queue at the named server.

If the -Q option is given, the operands are destination identifiers as specified above. If queue is specified, the status of that queue at the default server will be given. If [email protected] is specified, the status of the named queue at the named server will be given. If @server is specified, the status of all queues at the named server will be given. If no destination is specified, the status of all queues at the default server will be given.

If the -B option is given, the operand is the name of a server.

Standard output

Displaying job status

If job status is being displayed in the default format and the -f option is not specified, the following items are displayed on a single line, in the specified order, separated by white space:

If job status is being displayed and the -f option is specified, the output will depend on whether qstat was compiled to use a Tcl interpreter. See Configuration for details. If Tcl is not being used, full display for each job consists of the header line:

Job Id: job identifier

Followed by one line per job attribute of the form:

attribute_name = value

If any of the options -a, -i, -r, -u, -n, -s, -G, or -M are provided, the alternative display format for jobs is used. The following items are displayed on a single line, in the specified order, separated by white space:

If the -r option is provided, the line contains:

The last three fields may not contain useful information at all sites or on all systems

Displaying queue status

If queue status is being displayed and the -f option was not specified, the following items are displayed on a single line, in the specified order, separated by white space:

If queue status is being displayed and the -f option is specified, the output will depend on whether qstat was compiled to use a Tcl interpreter. See the configuration section for details. If Tcl is not being used, the full display for each queue consists of the header line:

Queue: queue_name

Followed by one line per queue attribute of the form:

attribute_name = value

If the -Q option is specified, queue information is displayed in the alternative format: The following information is displayed on a single line:

Displaying server status

If batch server status is being displayed and the -f option is not specified, the following items are displayed on a single line, in the specified order, separated by white space:

If server status is being displayed and the -f option is specified, the output will depend on whether qstat was compiled to use a Tcl interpreter. See the configuration section for details. If Tcl is not being used, the full display for the server consist of the header line:

Server: server name

Followed by one line per server attribute of the form:

attribute_name = value

Standard error

The qstat command will write a diagnostic message to standard error for each error occurrence.

Configuration

If qstat is compiled with an option to include a Tcl interpreter, using the -f flag to get a full display causes a check to be made for a script file to use to output the requested information. The first location checked is $HOME/.qstatrc. If this does not exist, the next location checked is administrator configured. If one of these is found, a Tcl interpreter is started and the script file is passed to it along with three global variables. The command line arguments are split into two variable named flags and operands . The status information is passed in a variable named objects . All of these variables are Tcl lists. The flags list contains the name of the command (usually "qstat") as its first element. Any other elements are command line option flags with any options they use, presented in the order given on the command line. They are broken up individually so that if two flags are given together on the command line, they are separated in the list. For example, if the user typed:

qstat -QfWbigdisplay

the flags list would contain

qstat -Q -f -W bigdisplay

The operands list contains all other command line arguments following the flags. There will always be at least one element in operands because if no operands are typed by the user, the default destination or server name is used. The objects list contains all the information retrieved from the server(s) so the Tcl interpreter can run once to format the entire output. This list has the same number of elements as the operands list. Each element is another list with two elements.

The first element is a string giving the type of objects to be found in the second. The string can take the values "server", "queue", "job" or "error".

The second element will be a list in which each element is a single batch status object of the type given by the string discussed above. In the case of "error", the list will be empty. Each object is again a list. The first element is the name of the object. The second is a list of attributes.

The third element will be the object text.

All three of these object elements correspond with fields in the structure batch_status which is described in detail for each type of object by the man pages for pbs_statjob(3), pbs_statque(3), and pbs_statserver(3). Each attribute in the second element list whose elements correspond with the attrl structure. Each will be a list with two elements. The first will be the attribute name and the second will be the attribute value.

Exit status

Upon successful processing of all the operands presented to the qstat command, the exit status will be a value of zero.

If the qstat command fails to process any operand, the command exits with a value greater than zero.

Related topics 

Non-Adaptive Computing topics